Urumia mission station range (square area)

The Americans of Urumia

Iran's First Americans and their
Mission to the Assyrian Christians

By: Hooman Estelami



Urumia mission station missionaries and family members in 1904

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Coan, Frederick G. (1939). Yesterdays in Persia and Kurdistan. Claremont, CA: Saunders Studio Press.

Murre-van den Berg, Heleen (1999). From a Spoken to a Written Language: The Introduction and Development of Literary Urmia Aramaic in the Nineteenth Century. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut Voor Het Nabije Oosten.

Murre-van den Berg, Heleen (1996). "The Missionaries' Assistants: The Role of Assyrians in the Development of Written Urmia Aramaic," Journal of the Assyrian Academic Society, 10(2), pp.3-17.

Thompson, Joseph P. (1858). Memoir of the Rev. David Tappan Stoddard, Missionary to the Nestorians. Boston: American Tract Society.

Zirinsky, Michael (2002). “American Presbyterian Missionaries at Urmia during the Great War,” La perse et la grande guerre, Oliver Bast (ed.), Tehran: Institut Francais de Recherche en Iran, pp. 353-372.



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Laurie, Thomas (1853). Dr. Grant and the Mountain Nestorians. Boston: Gould and Lincoln.

Shedd, Mary Lewis (1922). The Measure of a Man: The Life of William Ambrose Shedd, Missionary to Persia. New York: Gordon H. Doran Company.

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Perkins, Henry Martyn (1887). Life of Rev. Justin Perkins, D.D.: Pioneering Missionary to Persia. Chicago: Woman's Presbyterian Board of Missions of the Northwest.

Perkins, Justin (1861). Missionary Life in Persia: Glimpses of a Quarter of a Century of Labors Among the Nestorian Christians. Boston: American Tract Society. 

Perkins, Justin (1853). Our Country's Sin: A Sermon Preached to the Members and Families of the Nestorian Mission at Oroomiah, Persia on July 3, 1853. New York: H.B. Knight

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Stewart, John (1928). Nestorian Missionary Enterprise: The Story of a Church on Fire. Edinburgh: T.&.T. Clark.

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Rockwell, William W. (1916). The Pitiful Plight of the Assyrian Christians in Persia and Kurdistan. New York: American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief.

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Ainsworth, William F. (1842). Travels and Researches in Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, Chaldea, and Armenia. London: John W. Parker. 

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Bruinessen, Martin van (2006). "A Kurdish Warlord on the Turkish-Persian Frontier in the Early Twentieth Century: Isma`il Agha Simko," in Touraj Atabaki (ed.), Iran and the First World War: Battleground of the Great Powers. London: I.B. Tauris, pp. 69-93.

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